Archive for the ‘ Freemasonry ’ Category

Why is the ACS (American Cancer Society) relentlessly avoiding the CBD (Cannabinoidal aka Marijuana) Cancer Cure?

Many continue to ask…

WHY DO THEY KEEP TAKING “TAX REFUNDABLE DONATIONS”?…  

…When we already have a CURE TO CANCER…
It’s [CBD Oil Concentrations] ala Rick Simpson Oil or RS-Oil (From The Cannabis Flower – a concentrate of high CHB and low THC / acéite alto en CBD y bajo en THC to en concentrasion de la florde Cannabis aka Marijuana).

I was checking my emails.  Suddenly this one caught my eye.  It was from the ACS, American Cancer Society and it was yet but another donation drive.  Suddenly I felt outraged, harrassed even.  If only many of us would unite for a class action lawsuit. How could they continue to push their old agenda when they should be cowardly hiding from the money they have stolen from humble people that donated while humbly really trying to help.  I bet they have donations from the gov. itself… money laundry?  The Doctors ave the proof and have commended it.  It is time you crooks stop stealing from honest citizens and if anything do a 180 degree turn and begin to update your database on facts regarding CANCER CURES.   BECAUSE THIS IS STUPID! ITS CYNICAL! ITS EVIL! ITS VILE! ITS CRUEL! ITS CRIMINAL!!!  Okay? Get it?   YOU ARE DOING A VERY WRONG THING HERE BY ALLOWING PAINFUL MURDER TO GO ON!

(Addition April 4. 2014: I still see companies dealing with those fraud syndicates, how despicable!)

WHAT YOUUU are doing along with the national institute of health and the department of oncology is called organized racketeering international criminal activity and you are all acomplices….  you are doomed.  RESIGN.   We know about the secret patent on Marijuana/cannabis (Patent# ), look it up.  We know you tryied to corner the market before okaying it on the fed level because then youd control it all, like you do with the prisons aka modern day slavery, like you do with the opiates and amphetamines through pharmacies.  All those professional people.. doctors and lawyers.. athletes.. regulars… everyone needs this.   INCLUDING YOUR FAMILY … if you rats have one.  And our soldiers… the ones that have not killed themselves that are returning and need help… they are also very very VERY upset with you clowns.   When did those rich of you decide to try turning America into a killer circus?

.. smells like revolution and the exposure of global not just local fraud to me.  If Cannabis not only has ailments, some super like the apoptosis manifesting properties but never has one person died cause of it or for it… unless killed or gunned down by cops or drugdealers or robbers…

Well MANY MANY MANY world wide have evidence of the major ring infrastructure in place to sustain the current metropolis circulating around the corruption of the federal manipulation on the plant for its potential of PROFIT by keeping it away from the people… PRIVATE PROFIT that is.

You see… the whole world gave us this magical plant.  it was and continues to be and will forever be, nothing less… than a gift from the cosmos.    Like GOLD.. another highly sought after “precious” metal for “value”.. except.. gold seems to just sit there or hang.. depends how you use it.  Some people drink it or eat it. Seen treats that look interesting, then seen the alcoholic drinks like Goldschlauger (no puns intended and not promoting them) and wow.. it hit me, how improper we were treating ourselves and the planet.  Dont get me started on Alcohol and how the church helped that but the church (despite the factual content for cannabis in the testaments) the church sold out to the states for tax free lands …and the state eats kids, teens, parents alive for mistakes that those people were not trained to confront.

The sad crazy part is not everyone has or will have the internet.  So they take advantage of this by filtering out who or what is at a place not convenient for the feds.  Its like we are living in a f***ing NIGHTMARE lol but you have to laugh about it or else you go insane! -_-   Dont try me though feds.. dont you dare tread on me.  Eagle eye brethren.. we are 1 and we have resources greater than your agendas database shows… I come from the real world that allowed you to recieve the gifts for which you play with in these day from this planet… all those things you think you have mastered… are but decks of cards stacked precisely…

waiting for that one point of tipping energy… and only sometimes you get to know where it came from.

ANYWAYS.. share this story on folks… it’s worth it if 1 out of 3 of us will have or have had or have Cancer.

Together, let’s put an end to Cancer!

Share this throughout the freaking world!

Happy Holidays & Have a Happy New Year!!


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One hundred years ago, the word “cancer” was spoken only in whispers – a diagnosis often hidden from family and friends. With so few treatment options, cancer meant almost certain death.

But since that time, extraordinary supporters have rolled up their sleeves and changed the course of history. Nearly 1.2 million lives have been saved that would have otherwise been lost to cancer.

Still, 1 in 3 people will face a cancer diagnosis in their lifetime. Our work is not yet done.

Will you help us save the birthdays and finish the fight against cancer by making a tax-deductible donation today?

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D. E. A. | Vaporizer Research as of 2012, TODAY..

 

MAPS, in conjunction with the California branch of the National Organization to Reform Marijuana Laws, worked between 1993 and 2009 to sponsor research into the effects of vaporizers and water-pipes in filtering the fumes of inhaled marijuana. Our goal was to determine if water-pipes or vaporizers could reduce the health risks of smoking marijuana.

From 1993 to 2002, we sponsored research at DEA-licensed laboratories testing the content of combusted and vaporized marijuana for cannabinoid particulate and carbon monoxide levels.

Between June 2003 and August 2009, MAPS attempted to purchase marijuana from the National Institute on Drug Abuse for more research with vaporized marijuana. Due to excessive delays and frustration, in August 2009, the laboratory we were working with on the project withdrew its efforts.

MAPS is no longer working on specific vaporizer research, although our protocol for our marijuana/PTSD research requires some subjects to use a vaporizer and others to smoke marijuana.

 

Timeline of MAPS Blocked Vaporizer Research

February 6, 2009
Health and Human Services and National Institute on Drug Abuse Place Another Hurdle in Front of Marijuana Vaporizer Research: 

On January 23, 2009, Gregory Goldstein, Health and Human Services (HHS) Senior Public Health Advisor, Office of the Assistant Secretary of Health, sent a letter to Chemic Laboratories. The letter requires Chemic to do a validation study showing that Chemic could reliably measure various cannabinoids. HHS is suddenly requiring this validation study before it will even review Chemic’s November 6, 2008 reply to the June 18, 2008 Public Health Services (PHS) and National Institute on Drug Abuses (NIDA) critique of Chemic’s January 16, 2008 protocol. In this way, HHS/NIDA avoided responding to the substance of Chemic Labs reply by insisting on a preliminary validation study. This latest message is part of a five and half year tactic of blocking MAPS-sponsored vaporizer research, since a validation study had not been mentioned before in the previous communications and critiques.

In the January 23, 2009 message, HHS provided a list of questions for Chemic Labs to use as guidance for the validation study, but in their own words the questions are not inclusive of all aspects of method validation. Therefore, we could spend $50,000 or more on this validation study and HHS could claim that we did not meet all of the requirements and could request additional expensive validation data, all before reviewing the vaporizer protocol itself, which would only cost an estimated $25,000.

What makes this especially frustrating is that a validation study isn’t truly necessary for the sort of academic study we’re seeking to conduct. A validation study is more appropriate for developing the Volcano vaporizer as an FDA-approved medical device, which MAPS isnt seeking to do. We’re exploring collaborating with Dutch scientists from the University of Leiden, who are already studying the constituents of the vapors produced by the Volcano vaporizers. We may perhaps be able to conduct a cross-validation study at less than half the cost of the validation study.

We are wary of conducting a validation study, or even a cross-validation study, without HHS/NIDA having reviewed and approved the vaporizer protocol itself. Well get back to HHS after we determine if we can make a case for a cross-validation study, then well ask for the vaporizer protocol itself to be reviewed and approved first before we spend money on any sort of a validation study.

 

 

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January 5, 2009
Dutch and US Marijuana Vaporizer Researchers Collaborate 

MAPS President Rick Doblin and Dutch PhD student Justin Fischedick of Leiden University, met with Joseph St. Laurent and Scott Goodrich at Chemic Labs, outside of Boston LINK to CHEMIC.  Justin and his associates have been conducting marijuana vaporizer research at Leiden University using the Volcano vaporizer. They have decided to share data and procedures with Joseph St. Laurent and Scott Goodrich, who have been trying without success for over 5 1/2 years to purchase 10 grams of marijuana from NIDA for MAPS and CaNORML-sponsored vaporizer research.

Justin and his associates have been looking mostly at what is in the marijuana vapors, such as cannabinoids and terpinoids. In order to determine whether vaporization is an effective harm reduction device, the Chemic researchers intend to mostly investigate what isn’t likely to be in the marijuana vapors, but is in marijuana that is burned. This research will focus on various tars and products of combustion such as carbon monoxide.

Chemic is waiting on reviewers from NIDA and the Public Health Service to review their latest reply to questions about their proposed protocol, submitted on November 6, 2008. Once permission is eventually obtained for their research, they will check with Justin to see what his team has learned and then move forward.

 

 

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November 6, 2008
Chemic Labs submitted a response to a June 16, 2008, critique of our vaporizer protocol (PDF) by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) and the Public Health Service (PHS). We submitted the protocol to NIDA/PHS on January 16, 2008, along with three letters of support from peer reviewers. 

We have now been trying without success for more than five years to purchase 10 grams of marijuana from NIDA for the expansion of our vaporizer research.

The questions about our protocol raised by NIDA/PHS were unusually exhaustive, sometimes questioning design elements that had been added in response to suggestions from prior reviewers, and seemed to have been intentionally designed to delay our ability to move forward with this study—which they were successful in doing. The NIDA/PHS critique discouraged and demoralized Chemic Labs, who in turn were slow to respond to NIDA.

Now that our response has been submitted, we are hopeful that NIDA will grant us permission to purchase government-grown marijuana for use in our vaporizer protocol. Unfortunately, we may need to wait another 6 months or so for NIDA/PHS to reply to our response to their critiques. There is no regulatory time limit governing the NIDA/PHS response. Weve already been waiting about three years for a NIDA/PHS response to our reply to their previous critique of an earlier protocol, which is why we went ahead and submitted our new protocol on January 16, 2008.

 

 

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June 18, 2008
NIDA Delays Vaporizer Research, Averts MAPS Lawsuit:

On June 18th, after a five month review process, the National Institute of Drug Abuse-Public Health Service (NIDA-PHS) finally responded to our revised vaporizer research protocol, submitted for review January 16, 2008. The submission included three supportive letters from peer-reviewers, confirming the scientific merit of the study and urging NIDA-PHS to approve it. By responding, NIDA/PHS avoided MAPS filing another lawsuit for unreasonable delay, which wed intended to file in the middle of August.

MAPS has still been waiting two years and nine months for NIDA/PHS to respond to our September 2005 reply (PDF) to their rejection of our previous vaporizer protocol (PDF), which we initially submitted in June 2003, after which it took them more than two years to evaluate! We submitted the revised protocol in January 2008 to see if that might motivate NIDA to respond, which it has.

According to Rick, The review is filled with issues designed to delay and exhaust us, that have little importance to the safety or relevance of the intended research, but I don’t think it will deter us for too long. We’ll respond thoroughly and quickly before the end of July, and then wait yet again for a reply. Now that NIDA/PHS are familiar with the issues and have articulated their concerns, their response to our comments should be faster. We’re already making progress in that the strategy of delay has been overcome and a review was issued.

If this situation werent so genuinely tragic for all the sick people who might benefit from this research, then it would simply appear ridiculous. All MAPS is requesting to do is purchase ten grams of marijuana—something virtually any high school student in the US could obtain—so that we can move forward with a study of a non-smoking delivery system for marijuana that might benefit people suffering from a wide range of debilitating, difficult-to-treat illnesses.

The FDA has thirty days to review complicated human protocols. With NIDA/PHSs dysfunctional review process, they have provided us with powerful evidence for why we need to break the NIDA monopoly on the supply of marijuana that can be used in research, said Doblin.

MAPS has been waiting since February 12, 2007 for the DEA to issue a final ruling in response to DEA Administrative Law Judge Bittners recommendation (PDF) that the NIDA monopoly on the production of marijuana legal for research be ended, and that Professor Lyle Craker be issued a DEA license for a MAPS-sponsored medical marijuana production facility.

 

 

 

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June 29, 2007
  Nature Medicine “Scientists Stir the Pot for Right to Grow Marijuana” by Arran Frood.
Nature published an excellent article (“Scientists stir the pot for right to grow marijuana”) about MAPS’ campaign to break the federal government’s illegal monopoly on the supply of research-grade marijuana for use in privately funded clinical studies that would determine whether marijuana meets the FDA’s standards for safety and efficacy.

 

 

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May 16, 2007
Two new studies, one from University of California-San Francisco, and the other from SUNY-Albany, provide strong evidence that vaporization has promising potential as a method of medical marijuana delivery. The first study, published online by the journal Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, was conducted at UCSF by a team led by Donald Abrams, MD, and compared a commercially available vaporizer to smoking in 18 volunteers. The researchers found that, “vaporization of marijuana does not result in exposure to combustion gases, and therefore is expected to be much safer than smoking marijuana cigarettes.” Dr. Abrams was able to obtain permission from FDA to conduct his study based in part on data on the composition of the ingredients in marijuana vapor gathered in research sponsored by MAPS and CaNORML. That line of MAPS-sponsored research is currently blocked since NIDA has refused to sell marijuana for additional studies. Click here to read Dr. Abrams’ full report.

The second study, conducted by Mitch Earleywine, PhD, at SUNY-Albany, and published in Harm Reduction Journal, was based on an extensive survey of over 7,000 marijuana users. After adjusting for variables such as age and cigarette use, Earleywine found that vaporizer users were 60 percent less likely than smokers to report respiratory symptoms such as cough, chest tightness or phlegm, and that the effect of vaporizer use was more pronounced the larger the amount of marijuana used. Click here to read Dr. Earleywine’s full report.

MAPS hopes to eventually put vaporized marijuana through FDA clinical trials, but has been stalled since June 2003 because of NIDA’s monopoly on the supply of research-grade marijuana. Research into alternative delivery methods such as vaporization was one of the primary recommendations of the Institute of Medicine’s landmark 1999 report on medical marijuana.

Marijuana vaporization is an effective delivery method because it has the rapid action and easy dose adjustment of inhalation, but without the respiratory hazards associated with smoking. Unlike smoking, a vaporizer does not burn the plant material, but heats it just to the point at which THC and cannabinoids vaporize into steam.

 

 

 

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May 15, 2007
  The Walrus “Peaking on the Prairies” by Jake MacDonald.
The Walrus published a fascinating article entitled”Peaking on the Prairies” that describes Dr. Humphrey Osmond’s extensive psychedelic therapy research program in the 1950’s.

 

 

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March 17, 2007
On February 16, MAPS President Rick Doblin met with Joe St. Laurent and Scott Goodrich, the founders of Chemic Labs, the analytical laboratory that has conducted prior MAPS/CaNORML-funded vaporizer research. They discussed the development of a new vaporizer research protocol to submit to NIDA for review, once again seeking to purchase 10 grams from NIDA and seeking DEA permission to import 10 grams of high THC/high CBD marijuana from the Netherlands, with a cannabinoid content that NIDA doesn’t have available. The design work and the study itself, should we eventually obtain approval from NIDA, will be co-funded by MAPS and CaNORML, as have all ourprevious vaporizer research projects.

This new protocol seeks to analyze the constituents of the vapor produced in the Volcano vaporizer, from samples of NIDA marijuana that contain THC and samples of imported marijuana that contain both THC and CBD. During the meeting at Chemic, we reviewed in detail the critiques of the original vaporizer research protocol that the PHS/NIDA reviewers offered back in August 2005. We will make a few changes in the protocol so that this will be a new submission and we will respond in detail to each critique. The proposed methodology will call for testing at various temperatures, and will measure for carbon monoxide levels, cannabinoids and certain particulates.

PHS/NIDA’s handling of the original version of this protocol was another classic case of the dysfunctional nature of NIDA’s monopoly on research-grade marijuana. After waiting for more than two years for PHS/NIDA to review the protocol, during which time we unsuccessfully sued NIDA for unreasonable delay in the DC Circuit Court of Appeals, the critique that was finally issued contained several important misunderstandings and seemed to come from people who had barely even read the protocol. Chemic filed a response to the critiques in September 2005, which PHS/NIDA has totally ignored for more than 17 months. There seems to be no appeal process at all in the PHS/NIDA review of medical marijuana research proposals and there are certainly no deadlines that compel PHS/NIDA to respond within any reasonable period of time. This is in contrast to FDA, which must reply to protocol submissions within 30 days and has a clearly defined and prompt appeal process.

The new vaporizer protocol will be submitted to NIDA in April. Then, we anticipate a long wait. NIDA has successfully ignored Chemic’s response to its critiques but it will be more difficult for NIDA to ignore a new protocol submission.

 

 

 

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October 19, 2005
  Mother Jones Magazine “Respectable Reefer” by Gary Greenberg.
October 19, 2005. Mother Jones Magazine publishes, “Respectable Reefer,” an excellent article about medical marijuana by Gary Greenberg that discusses GW Pharmaceuticals, MAPS and drug war politics.

 

 

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August 18, 2005
  New England Journal of Medicine “Medical Marijuana and the Supreme Court” by Susan Oakie.
The Perspective Section of the New England Journal of Medicine published an article, “Medical Marijuana and the Supreme Court,” by Susan Oakie, MD, a contributing editor of the Journal. Click here for full text version.

 

 

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June 20, 2005
   “PDF Article” by .
A new political advertisement about medical marijuana, mentioning federal obstruction of research and providing a link to the MAPS website for more information, appeared in the National Review, the New Republic, the American ProspectThe NationReason Magazine, and The Progressive. The ad was placed by Common Sense for Drug Policy. 

 

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November 29, 2004
  Slate “Dude, Where’s My Integrity? Medical marijuana tests the Supreme Court’s true love of federalism” by .
Slate has recently published an extensive commentary on how the Supreme Court is and will approach Ashcroft v. Raich. MAPS had filed an amicus curiae concerning the obstruction of efforts to conduct FDA-approved medical marijuana research.

 

 

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November 22, 2004
  Scientific American “Current Restrictions on Marijuana Research are Absurd” by The Editors.
The popular science magazine Scientific American published an editorial in support of making it easier to perform medical marijuana research in the US, describing current restrictions on medical marijuana research as “absurd.”

 

 

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November 22, 2004
The Court required DEA to respond by December 22, 2004 to the portion of our lawsuit against DEA about the UMass Amherst marijuana production facility.  This is a positive development in that DEA can no longer just delay and not have to explain why.

 

 

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July 22, 2004
   “Newspapers around the country have carried an AP wire story on MAPS’ lawsuits” by .
Newspapers around the country have carried an AP wire story on MAPS’ lawsuits against DEA/HHS/NIH/NIDA for obstructing medical marijuana research. An original article from the Springfield Republican (in MA) is representative of the favorable treatment our suit has obtained in the media.

 

 

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April 1, 2004
Congressman Mark Souder, Chairman of the U.S. House Government Reform Subcommittee on Criminal Justice, Drug Policy, and Human Resources, held a hearing about “Marijuana and Medicine: The Need for a Science-Based Approach.” MPP Executive Director Rob Kampia testified (video and transcript) and answered questions (video andtranscript). During his comments, he discussed the importance of MAPS’ vaporizer research efforts as well as the UMass Amherst project. 

March 19, 2004. Dr. Donald Abrams receives word that his FDA-approved Phase I vaporizer study is now ready to enroll subjects. He will be comparing cannabinoid and carbon monoxide levels and subjective effects in subjects who at different times inhale either marijuana smoke from a burning cigarette or marijuana vapors from the Volcano vaporizer. Being able to use a vaporizer in FDA-approved clinical trials is one of MAPS’ two prerequisites to justifying the expense of a $5 million effort to develop marijuana into an FDA-approved prescription medicine, the other prerequisite being an independent source of supply of marijuana for research other than using material from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

March 17, 2004. In an effort to find out what is going on with the Health and Human Services (HHS) review of the scientific merit of the vaporizer protocol, an exchange of email took place today between Willem Scholten, Head of the Dutch Office of Medicinal Cannabis and Rear Admiral, Assistant Surgeon General and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Health (Operations) Arthur J. Lawrence. Willem Scholten inquired about the status of the review.

Dr. Lawrence replied that the responsibility for the review was being shifted from his office and at the moment he didn’t know exactly to where or what was going on. He was, however, sure that, ” this protocol will, as all proposed protocols for this sort of research are, be given fullest consideration and deliberation in the scientific review.”

Somewhat dissatisfied with the review seemingly being on the slow track to nowhere, MAPS President Rick Doblin replied to Dr. Lawrence. He requested whatever help Dr. Lawrence could offer in expediting the review, noting that the protocol was first submitted for review on June 24, 2003 and that all we were asking for was to purchase 10 grams of NIDA marijuana and import 10 grams from the Dutch. He concluded by stating, “The vaporizer research project is part of MAPS’ efforts to work through the rigorous FDA drug review process to conduct exactly the sort of studies that DEA, ONDCP, NIDA, IOM, all claim to want to see conducted. Given the difficulties in purchasing a tiny amount of marijuana for this simple vaporizer research protocol, it should not be surprising why so many States have gone ahead and legalized the medical use of marijuana in one form or another without waiting for the FDA to approve its medical use on the basis of double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled research.”

Also, Dr. Scholten informed MAPS that some vaporizer research with the same Volcano device was being conducted in the Netherlands. We’ve sent a message to the researcher and look forward to collaborating and sharing information.

January 29, 2004. The scientific review of the vaporizer protocol being conduced by the federal Dept. of Health and Human Services is now being supervised by Assistant Surgeon General Arthur J. Lawrence Ph.D. Mr. Joel Egertson, senior drug policy advisor to the Secretary of HHS, has retired and the responsibility for the review has been reassigned. A revised and updated package of information has been submitted today by Chemic Labs to Assistant Surgeon General Lawrence. If HHS determines that the vaporizer protocol is scientifically meritorious, NIDA will agree to sell us 10 grams of marijuana and DEA will be required to address our request to import 10 grams of marijuana from the Dutch Office of Medicinal Cannabis. The protocol is a rigorous investigation and, if reviewed in an unbiased manner, will be determined to be scientifically meritorious. MAPS initially requested permission in June 2003 to purchase marijuana from NIDA and import marijuana from the Dutch. This delay is clear evidence why NIDA’s monopoly on supply of research marijuana serves more to obstruct than to facilitate marijuana research.

December 16, 2003. MAPS received a grant of $13,000 for further vaporizer research from the Marijuana Policy Project. The grant includes $5,000 for the writing of a scientific paper about the results of the research for submission to a journal indexed in Medline. Also included is $8,000 for a study of the cannabinoid content of each of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd balloons created by the Volcano vaporizer from the same sample of marijuana. We want to see if we can eliminate the use of the 3rd balloon in clinical research if only minimal amounts of cannabinoids are released the third time the same sample is heated and vaporized. This study can be conducted only after we have been able to obtain approval from HHS to purchase 10 grams of marijuana from NIDA, a time-consuming hurdle that wouldn’t be necessary if MAPS had its own independent source of supply of marijuana that could be used in federally-approved research (as we have with MDMA and psilocybin, for example).

December 4, 2003. The manufacturers of the Volcano vaporizer that MAPS and CaNORML are using in our vaporizer research, STORZ & BICKEL GMBH & CO. KG, announce that they have received the Dr. Rudolf Eberle Prize, the prize for innovation of the State of Baden-Wurttemberg. This prize has been awarded on an annual basis since 1985 to small and medium-sized industrial and craft firms who have successfully implemented outstanding technical innovations. The prize committee uses the criteria of technical progress, special entrepreneurial achievement and the economic success of the innovation to make its decision.

November 14, 2003. Vaporizer protocol likely to start early in 2004. According to Dr. Donald Abrams, “As far as I know we are awaiting our award from CMCR. All approvals are granted and we plan to commence the vaporizer protocol in January 2004.”

October 10, 2003. The analytical lab conducting the vaporizer research has received replies from NIDA and the DEA regarding its requests to import 10 grams of marijuana from the Dutch Office of Medicinal Cannabis and to purchase 10 grams from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (see entry below for June 24, 2003). The reply from NIDA came from Joel Egertson, Senior Drug Policy Advisor to the Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS). Mr. Egertson wrote, “It has been determined that there is insufficient information in the application to judge the merits of the proposal. ” Mr. Egerston had been submitted the protocol for which the 10 grams was requested but asked for additional information that has already been generated from previous research protocols and has already been submitted to the FDA. This additional information will be submitted to Mr. Egerston very soon for HHS review.

The reply from DEA indicated that it would not proceed with the import permit until the scientific merits of the protocol had been accepted by HHS.

While a decision on these requests has been delayed, we believe we can adequately address all the issues raised by HHS and DEA. Yet again, this prolonged process to purchase tiny quantities of marijuana for important privately-funded research demonstrates the need for MAPS to sponsor a privately-funded facility to produce marijuana for federally-approved research, as we are attempted to do in partnership with Prof. Craker at UMass Amherst.

June 24, 2003. Grant for Vaporizer Study with Humans Approved Contingent upon Regulatory Approval.California’s Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research (CMCR) preliminarily approved Dr. Donald Abrams’ Phase I vaporizer research protocol and grant application, amounting to slightly more than $137,000, contingent upon the protocol obtaining all the necessary regulatory approvals. The study will compare subjective effects, cannabinoid blood levels and carbon monoxide levels in exhaled breath in subjects on six different days, three days smoking 400 mgs of marijuana of either 1.7 % THC, 3.5% THC or 7% THC, and three days vaporizing 400 mgs of marijuana of either 1.7 % THC, 3.5% THC or 7% THC.

The protocol now goes to FDA for its review, finally. The big question is whether the FDA will want more data than MAPS and California NORML have already gathered on the Volcano (www.vapormed.de) or will accept the data we have already submitted, which is more than FDA has about what is in marijuana smoke post-combustion. We should hear from FDA within 4-6 weeks or so.

Also reviewing the protocol will be NIDA (since NIDA pot is being requested), DEA (supposedly to see what it can do to prevent the diversion of research supplies), and the Research Advisory Panel of California (which reviews all Schedule I research in California). The key review will be by FDA, since it will decide whether or not MAPS and California NORML need to raise more funds for additional vaporizer research.

June 24, 2003. Maps Working to Import Dutch Cannabis for Research. MAPS has completed negotiations with the head of the Dutch Office of Medicinal Cannabis for the importation of ten grams of high THC, high CBD marijuana for use in the next phase of the vaporizer research project. Chemic Laboratories, where the project will be conducted, has submitted an application to the DEA for an import license. This request to the DEA is, to our knowledge, the first attempt to import the marijuana plant from the Netherlands, through the newly established Office of Medicinal Cannabis. Chemic Laboratories has also submitted a request to NIDA for ten grams of its best quality product for the vaporizer project.


  • “Study Shows Vaporizer Can Drastically Reduce Toxins in Marijuana Smoke”
    California NORML/ MAPS Press Release — May 2, 2003 
  • “Vaporizer Research: An Update”   (PDF Format)  
    Dale Gieringer, Ph.D. (canorml@igc.apc.org)
    MAPS Bulletin, Spring 2003; Volume XIII, Number 1


    April 15, 2003. Vaporizer Study Report. The Vaporizer report is now available. The findings show substantial reduction (about 99%) in certain toxins in the vapor as compared to marijuana smoke, and substantial amounts of cannabinoids produced by the vaporizer. The results could hardly have been better. This report has been submitted to FDA as part of Dr. Donald Abrams’ IND application to study subjective effects and cannabinoid blood levels in subjects who both smoke marijuana and then at a later time inhale marijuana vapors. We should hear from FDA in early May about what additional information, if any, it needs to have before deciding if the vaporizer can be used in a clinical trial.January 21, 2003. MAPS and CANorml sign a contract for a $25,000 protocol study to evaluate the contents of the vapor stream from the Volcano Vaporizer (http://www.vapormed.de). The purpose of the study is stated in the contract as follows: This protocol is intended to provide guidance on the completion of an extraction evaluation of emissions produced when marijuana is vaporized using the Volcano; to provide evidence of product efficiency to MAPS, which would subsequently design and seek agency (FDA) approval for the protocol development and initiation of a Phase I clinical investigation comparing cannabinoid blood levels in subjects smoking (i.e. pyrolysis) marijuana versus marijuana vaporized with the Volcano, and to meet the requirements of cGMP: 21 CFR Part 160.

    We expect the study to be completed by the end of March 2003.

     

     

     

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Water-pipe and Vaporizer Articles from MAPS Bulletin 1994-2004

How do we escape from a monetary based economy?

“No government in history has ever planned ahead and directed society into the next phase of social evolution. Established orders want to perpetuate themselves. Unfortunately, it may take an economic breakdown and people becoming disillusioned with their leaders before they will seek an alternative social direction. Social change was always brought about by economic collapse, corruption in government, abuse of the population, radical revolution via strikes or riots, etc. Governments are generally comprised of businessmen, lawyers, and other self-appointed individuals with personal and corporate interest rather than upgrading society as a whole.”
By implementing a new type of technical methodology that offers tangible solutions for the preservation of invaluable finite resources and social re design. Like someone once said, the global elite have never strategically directed society competently, and this because of a monetary based ideology that finances and benefits self interests for those that control the system itself. When the populace is aware of the corruption, greed, and social dissection around them, they will demand change, which at this moment in time is evidently imminent. The invention of advanced technology has raced forward, but social design itself has remained relatively static, and it is vital that we implement new methods to preserve resources, re build our stratified social structure, and re create a world where there is socially, economically, and technological dynamic equilibrium. Subsequently, we will see an evolved abundant society where mankind can live in peace with global sustainability.

Sacred Geometry

Sacred Geometry.

Suppression of Freemasonry

Some governments have treated Freemasonry as a potential source of opposition due to its secret nature and international connections. It has been alleged by Masonic scholars that the language used by the totalitarian regimes is similar to that used by some modern critics of Freemasonry.[1]

via Suppression of Freemasonry – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Eye of Providence – all-seeing eye of God

Christian version of the Eye of Providence, emphasizing the triangle representing the Trinity.

The Eye of Providence, or the all-seeing eye of God, is a symbol showing an eye often surrounded by rays of light or a glory and usually enclosed by a triangle. It is sometimes interpreted as representing the eye of God watching over humankind. (see Divine Providence).[1][2][3]

In the modern era, the most notable depiction of the eye is the reverse of the Great Seal of the United States, which appears on the United States one-dollar bill. Continue reading

G in the Square and Compasses – The Explanation

The Square and Compasses (or, more correctly, a square and a set of compasses joined together) is the single most identifiable symbol of Freemasonry. Both the square and compasses are architect‘s tools, and are used in Masonic ritual as emblems to teach symbolic lessons. Some Lodges and rituals explain these symbols as lessons in conduct: for example, that Masons should “square their actions by the square of virtue” and learn to “circumscribe their desires and keep their passions within due bounds toward all mankind”. However, as Freemasonry is non-dogmatic, there is no general interpretation for these symbols (or any Masonic symbol) that is used by Freemasonry as a whole.[1]

As measuring instruments, the tools represent judgement and discernment.

Carved into a foundation stone

[edit]With a “G”

In English speaking jurisdictions the Square and Compasses are often depicted with the letter “G” in the center. The letter stands for God, and is to remind Masons that God is at the center of Freemasonry. The letter can also stand for Geometry, described as being “the noblest of the sciences”, and “the superstructure upon which Freemasonry is founded”.

via Square and Compasses – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

List of Freemasons – Feel free to comment.

I plan to make a facebook group to attribute to this allowing everyone to socially interact and add what they know!

This is a list of notable Freemasons. Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation which exists in a number of forms worldwide. Throughout history some members of the fraternity have made no secret of their involvement, while others have not made their membership public. In some cases, membership can only be proven by searching through the fraternity’s records. Such records are most often kept at the individual Lodge level, and may be lost due to fire, flood, deterioration, or simple carelessness. Grand Lodge governance may have shifted or reorganized, resulting in further loss of records on the member or the name, number, location or even existence of the Lodge in question. In areas of the world where Masonry has been suppressed by governments, records of entire Grand Lodges have been destroyed. Because of this, masonic membership can sometimes be difficult to verify. Continue reading

List of Freemasons – Feel free to comment.

I plan to make a facebook group to attribute to this allowing everyone to socially interact and add what they know!

This is a list of notable Freemasons. Freemasonry is a fraternal organisation which exists in a number of forms worldwide. Throughout history some members of the fraternity have made no secret of their involvement, while others have not made their membership public. In some cases, membership can only be proven by searching through the fraternity’s records. Such records are most often kept at the individual Lodge level, and may be lost due to fire, flood, deterioration, or simple carelessness. Grand Lodge governance may have shifted or reorganized, resulting in further loss of records on the member or the name, number, location or even existence of the Lodge in question. In areas of the world where Masonry has been suppressed by governments, records of entire Grand Lodges have been destroyed. Because of this, masonic membership can sometimes be difficult to verify.

Standards of “proof” for those on this list may vary widely; some figures with no verified Lodge affiliation are claimed as Masons if reliable sources give anecdotal evidence suggesting they were familiar with the “secret” signs and passes, but other figures are rejected over technical questions of irregularity in the Lodge that initiated them. Where available, specific Lodge membership information is provided; where serious questions of verification have been noted by other sources, this is indicated as well.

Contents:A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Top of Page — References

[edit]A

[edit]B

[edit]C

[edit]D

[edit]E

[edit]F

[edit]G

[edit]H

[edit]I

[edit]J

[edit]K

[edit]L

[edit]M

[edit]N

[edit]O

[edit]P

[edit]Q

  • Manuel L. Quezon, First president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines under U.S. occupation rule in the early period of the 20th century. Raised March 17, 1908 at Sinukuan Lodge No. 272 (renamed Sinukuan Lodge No. 16). First Filipino Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of the Philippine Islands that was established in 1917.[196]

[edit]R

[edit]S

[edit]T

[edit]V

[edit]W

[edit]X

[edit]Y

  • John Yarker – English occultist – 1° Lodge of Integrity No. 189 (later 163) Manchester, October 25, 1854, affiliated with Fidelity Lodge No. 623 April 27, 1855 – Expelled from the Ancient and Accepted Rite and demitted (from all regular Freemasonry), 1862[256]

[edit]Z

[edit]References

  1. ^ “Filipino Famous Mason – Jose Abad Santos”. Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  2. a b c d e f g h i j k l “Famous Canadian Freemasons”. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  3. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Edward L. King. “Famous Masons A-L”. Masonicinfo.com. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  4. ^ “Famous Filipino Mason – Nicanor Abelardo”. Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 1934-03-21. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  5. a b John Hamill and Robert Gilert (Eds.), Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft p. 226 (J.G. Press, 1998)
  6. a b c d e f g h i “Gettysburg”. Bessel.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  7. ^ “Famous Filipino Mason – Bishop G. Aglipay”. Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  8. a b Pages 202-203 The Freemasons: A History of the World’s Most Powerful Secret Society, by Jasper Ridley
  9. a b c d “Famous Freemasons Masonic Presidents”. Calodges.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  10. ^ “Mrs. Elizabeth Aldworth”Biography/Aldworth. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon A.F. & A.M.. 2002-02-25. Retrieved 2007-04-25. “upon secretly observing the first two degrees of a lodge at labour in her father’s home, she was discovered and, after discussion, initiated in the Entered Apprentice and Fellowcraft Degree. A champion of Freemasonry”
  11. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah Stoica, Stan (coordinator). Dicţionar de Istorie a României, p. 153-5. Bucharest: Editura Merona, 2007.
  12. ^ “Facts About Masonry”. 875fm.com. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  13. ^ “Africa’s Freemasons: A strange inheritance”Le Monde diplomatique (English Edition). September 1997. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  14. ^ “Known Freemasons”. Masonic Philatelic Club. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  15. a b c d e f g h i j k Famous Belgian freemasonsGrand Orient of Belgium
  16. ^ “Filipino Famous Mason – Galicano Apacible”. Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 1949-03-02. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  17. ^ Our Ministers – Rabbi Dr Raymond Apple AO RFDGreat Synagogue (Sydney), accessed 5 April 2010
  18. ^ “Atlas Pythagoras Lodge website”. Atlaspythagoras.com. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  19. ^ “Masoniclibrary.com” (PDF). Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  20. a b http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/texts/nine.html Grand Lodge of British Columbia & Yukon’s “La Loge des Neufs Soeurs” page
  21. ^ Rose, Gerry (November 29, 1993). “The Venetian Takeover of England and Its Creation of Freemasonry”The American Almanac. [Conference Address by Gerald Rose, Schiller Institute Conference, September, 1993 Lay summary] – The New Federalist (September 5, 1993).
  22. a b c Bicentenial Commemorative Volume of Holland Lodge No. 8, Published by the Lodge, New York, 1988
  23. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o “AASR hall of fame”. Srmason-sj.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  24. ^ “Johann Christian Bach”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 2001-03-19. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  25. ^ About us page from Freemasonry Today
  26. ^ Bakunin and the Italians, T. R.Ravindranathan,, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1988
  27. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj http://bessel.org/sctfmy.htm Paul M. Bessel’s Supreme Court page
  28. ^ Neamţu, Gelu. A fost sau nu Simion Bărnuţiu un francmason (Simion Bărnuţiu franc-maçon). In: Inorogul. Caiete masonice. Bucureşti, 2001, p.121-146.
  29. ^ 1863-1923[dead link], Brief History of the Spanish Masonry
  30. ^ “Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 1904-10-04. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  31. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/textfiles/famous.html Grand Lodge of British Columbia & Yukon’s “A few famous freemasons” page
  32. ^ Grand Lodge of Delaware website
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  34. ^ “Irving Berlin”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  35. ^ Berlusconi: The power of personality, BBC, 14 May 2001
  36. ^ Dávila del Valle. Oscar G., Presencia del ideario masónico en el proyecto revolucionario antillano de Ramón Emeterio Betances, available at the Grande Loja Carbonária do Brasil’s website, [1]
  37. ^ “Bischof, Francis Erich (Frank) (1904 – 1979), Australian Dictionary of Biography“.
  38. ^ “Simon Bolivar”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 2002-01-28. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  39. ^ “”The History of Illinois Freemasonry”. Accessed September 25, 2007″. Ilmason.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  40. ^ “Andres Bonifacio Lodge No. 199”. Abl199.org. 1973-10-26. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  41. a b c d Wauthier, Claude. Africa’s Freemasons – A strange inheritanceLe Monde Diplomatique, September 1997. Retrieved 15 August 2008.
  42. ^ “Borden at GL of BC”.
  43. a b John Hamill and Robert Gilert (Eds.), Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft p. 227 (J.G. Press, 1998)
  44. ^ John Hamill and Robert Gilert (Eds.), Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft p. 228 (J.G. Press, 1998)
  45. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Royal Arch Mason Magazine, Spring, 1981, p. 271
  46. ^ “Welcome to the George Washington National Masonic Memorial”. Gwmemorial.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  47. ^ The Cause of Humanity’: Charles Bradlaugh and Freemasonry (PDF), The Centre for Research into Freemasonry, Sheffield University
  48. ^ “Famous Australian Freemasons”. Freemasonsvic.net.au. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  49. ^ Inventory of the Archives of the Secretary, Lodge De Goede Hoop, Cape Town, 1772-1963 (inventory 5/4/6) in the TANAP Collection.
  50. ^ “In the Index of the Regius Manuscript: Section VII, Anglo-Saxon Masonry and the Constitution”]
  51. ^ http://www.srmason-sj.org/web/temple-files/hall-of-honor/hallofhonor.html AASR-SJ’s “Hall of Honor” page
  52. ^ *Reid, Robie L. Historical Notes and Biographical Sketches 1848 – 1935Bio of Robert Burnaby” at Grand Lodge BC & Yukon website
  53. ^ “Robert Burns, Auld Lang Syne”. Masonmusic.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  55. ^ Denslow, William R. 10,000 Famous Freemasons p. 171 (2004 Kessinger Publishing)ISBN 1-4179-7578-4
  56. ^ “Famous Filipino Mason – Manuel Camus”. Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 1949-12-22. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  57. ^ Carrera, José Miguel, Encyclopedia Britannica, Guide to Hispanic Heritage
  58. a b “Poinsett – A revolutionary diplomat”. Freemasons-freemasonry.com. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  59. ^ “Paul Foster Case”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  60. a b c d e f John Hamill and Robert Gilert (Eds.), Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft p. 229 (J.G. Press, 1998)
  61. ^ Plummer, Charles W.. “General and Brother Joshua L. Chamberlain”. MasonicWorld.com. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
  62. ^ “Letters”. The Churchill Society. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
  63. a b “Pa Freemason May 03 – Treasures of the Temple”. Pagrandlodge.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  64. ^ Bicentennial Commemorative Volume of Holland Lodge No. 8, Published by the Lodge, New York, 1988
  65. a b c d e f g h i j John Hamill and Robert Gilert (Eds.), Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft p. 230 (J.G. Press, 1998)
  66. ^ Masonic references in the works of Charles Williams Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon 2007
  67. ^ Burke, Peter The New Cambridge Modern History p. 304 (1979 Cambridge University)
  68. ^ “Bigots united”. London: Books.guardian.co.uk. 2005-10-09. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  69. ^ UGLE Accessed 13 Jun 07
  70. ^ “Freemasonry for Dummies Blogspot”. Retrieved 19 May 2010.
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  73. ^ “Francesco Crispi”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  78. ^ “Historical Marker placed by Grand Lodge of Georgia”. Cviog.uga.edu. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  79. a b “The Hystory Of Freemasonry In Turkey”. Freemasons-freemasonry.com. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  80. ^ “ADDRESS TO THE 2002 CALIFORNIA MASONIC SYMPOSIUM”. Calodges.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  81. ^ Time MagazineLetters, Monday, Aug. 21, 1939
  82. ^ “Blaise Diagne, député”. Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2007-06-17. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  83. ^ MEXICAN MASONRY- POLITICS & RELIGION Oscar J. Salinas
  84. ^ Referenced at the US National Masonic Memorial, Alexandira, Virginia.
  85. ^ Freemasonry Today Issue 8, Spring 1999
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  87. ^ “James H. Douglas, Governor of Vermont”Vermont Masonry in Action. Grand Lodge of Vermont. Archived from the original on 2007-06-22. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
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  89. ^ Freemasonry and the Labour Party in London: Some Approaches, Andrew Prescott, 2002
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  91. ^ Bio of John Elway, hosted on www.knightstemplar.org, the website of the Grand Encampment of the Knights Templar, York Rite
  92. ^ [3]
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  94. a b Entry Giuseppe Mazzini in Volume III K – P, 10,000 FAMOUS FREEMASONS, By WILLIAM R. DENSLOW], 1957, Macoy Publishing & Masonic Supply Co., Inc.
  95. ^ The Memoirs of Charles G. Finney, The Complete Restored Text, Garth Rosell and Richard Dupuis, eds, Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids, MI (1989). Page 629.
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  100. ^ Garibaldi — the mason Translated from Giuseppe Garibaldi Massone by the Grand Orient of Italy
  101. ^ 5. What was the P2 Lodge?, Anti-masonry Frequently Asked Questions, Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon
  102. a b Beresiner, Yasha. “Musical Masons”. MQ Magazine, Issue 8 (January 2004). Retrieved 18 July 2007.
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  104. ^ “Johann Wolfgang von Goethe”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 2001-03-19. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  105. ^ Sources disagree as to whether he was [6] or wasn’t: [7] a member
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  108. ^ Cox, Joseph (2002). Great Black Men of MasonryiUniverse. p. 176. ISBN 0595227295.
  109. ^ “What Are the Facts About National Treasure? – Beliefnet.com”. Beliefnet.com<!. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  110. ^ Roll Card filed at NC Grand Lodge
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  114. ^ http://www.federallodge.org/History/Hoban.aspx June 1, 2010
  115. ^ http://www.frankreedhorton.org/
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  117. ^ Freemasonry in Bristol, Powell & Littlejohn, privately published.
  118. ^ See also the Freemasons’ Review, June 1844 edition – Howley’s masonry was a well known contemporary fact.
  119. ^ See also the Freemasons’ Quarterly Review, first quarter, 1835 – a survey of the Archbishop’s masonic career.
  120. ^ Masonic Province of South Wales: Eastern Division website “Worthy Mason of yesteryear: Edward John Hutchins Provincial Grand Master of South Wales (1848-56)” by Peter M Davies
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  128. ^ “Rudyard Kipling”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  131. ^ http://www.freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/lafayette_g/lafayette_g.html Lafayette page at GL BC&Y
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  149. ^ Voice of Freemasonry, Volume 24, Number 2, 2007, Pg 9[dead link] DC Lodge newsletter
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  155. ^ Biography of Mendizábal (in Spanish)
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  158. ^ “Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania”. Princehall-pa.org. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  159. ^ Foreman, Grant. Jesse Bartley Milam. Chronicles of Oklahoma. Retrieved 23 June 2009.
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  164. a b “Jacques and Joseph Montgolfier”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 2002-01-28. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  166. ^ Smith, Dwight L. Goodly Heritage (Grand Lodge of Indiana, 1968) pg.124
  167. ^ “Famous Freemasons, M through Z”. Retrieved 2007-08-01.
  168. ^ Mozart bio Article at the Grand Lodge BC&Y website
  169. ^ New Jersey Freemason.net
  170. ^ Ernesto Nathan1911 Encyclopedia Britannica
  171. ^ Noye’s tangled web of corruptionIndependent on Sunday, 14 April 2000
  172. ^ John Hamill and Robert Gilert (Eds.), Freemasonry, A Celebration Of The Craft (J.G. Press, 1998), p. 239
  173. ^ O’Higgins, Bernardo, Encyclopedia Britannica, Guide to Hispanic Heritage
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  175. ^ “Scottish Rite Goes a Little Country”. Scottishrite.org. 2006-10-28. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  176. ^ “Famous Filipino Mason – Rafael Palma”. Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  177. ^ “Famous Filipino Mason – Quintin Paredes”. Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of the Philippines. 1973-01-30. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  178. ^ “Richard Parsons 1st Earl of Rosse”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 2004-04-23. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  179. ^ http://www.ugle.org.uk/about-ugle/whos-who/
  180. ^ “Wasatch Lodge webpage”. Wasatchlodge.org. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  181. ^ Hamill, John et al.. Freemasonry : A Celebration of the Craft. JG Press 1998. ISBN 1-57215-267-2
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  183. ^ The Times Saturday 16th Nov 1985 Issue 62,297 Page 10 Col G
  184. ^ Edward L. King. “Famous Freemasons M-Z”. Masonicinfo.com. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  201. ^ http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/esoterica/reuss_t/reuss_t.html GL of BC&Y article on Reuss
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  209. ^ “Scottish Rite Journal”. Srjarchives.tripod.com. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  210. ^ “Robert Farnon Society”. Rfsoc.org.uk. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  227. a b “James Wilson and James Sloan, who along with ‘Diamond’ Dan Winter, issued the first Orange lodge warrants from Sloan’s Loughgall inn, were masons.” The Men of no Popery, The Origins Of The Orange Order, by Jim Smyth, from History Ireland Vol 3 No 3 Autumn 1995
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  231. ^ “Wolnomularz Polski”. Wolnomularz.pl. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  234. ^ Beresiner, Yasha. Gilbert and Sullivan: Musical Masons
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  239. ^ “Harry S Truman”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
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  242. ^ History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley, Ohio, Volume 1 By Joseph Green Butler, pg. 390
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  244. ^ “Sir Charles Warren”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  245. ^ http://www.mwsite.org/papers/JosephWarren.html
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  248. ^ Biography of Thomas Smith Webb, on the Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon website
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  250. ^ Philip, Duke of Wharton,
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  252. ^ John Wilkes, Freemasonry Today
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  255. ^ “Sir Christopher Wren adoption”. Grand Lodge of British Columbia and Yukon. 2001-03-15. Retrieved 2010-01-12.
  256. ^ http://freemasonry.bcy.ca/biography/esoterica/yarker_j/yarker_j.html GL of BC&Y

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